What is next after class 10? by Kamal Bhujel, Research Scholar Mizoram University

What is next after class Ten by Kamal Bhujel, Research Scholar Mizoram University
Education plays a vital role in the development of any society. Intellectual advancement leads society to the higher standard with other mainstream civilization. Life’s standard of the citizen of particular place manifests the standard of education of that place or vice-versa. Now, mainly due to privatization of the education, the real essence of education has gone into disguise. There was a time when people use to get education for the overall development of an individual or indeed to create a real human-being. But now it is becoming only a medium to get into some profession specially trend is being set to get more than six digits in the salary.
In backward society like ours, most of the Elite class is the first generation from us, who always tries to get uplifted more and more leaving the whole mass behind the gloomy world. So, we need “mass-up-liftment” in education not individual one only. Single individual cannot be much fruitful as they go away from the society and get settled with advanced society instead of guiding his own society.
So, learning is a never ending process, and getting a quality higher education for the poor should not be a luck by chance but they should have right to access it”. Being a good human being and a good professional at the same time is tedious task now. As there are scarcity of jobs available people are forced to do the work which are not of their interest. Unemployment, job-satisfaction, work load everything matters a lot in developing a well human being and a healthy society. So, choosing a right profession and preparation is the crucial and decisive turning point in one’s life. In our case right guidance is hardly available. So, culture of long-vision should be cultivated among us. Despite of all problems and difficulties we have to manage to aim at the right target.

10th Board exam becomes the milestone to architect the individual’s future and that of the society. Thus, choice after 10th should be clear and chosen based on future goals with necessary assistance and availability of the resources. Your choice should match with your interest and empower you to achieve your goal at every cost.

Before choosing the right course you should be clear in the following points- 1) availability of your subject 2) career opportunities, 3) conventional course or professional and 4) overall your interest which pulls the engine.
Our education system has divided the course after 10th (exception to some boards) mainly into humanities, science and commerce and diplomas. Based on your aim, you have to step-in into the particular stream.

Different streams available after Class 10

Science: subjects are Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Computer, Economics, and Statistics along with English and a vernacular language depending on the board and medium you opt for. For conventional courses you can go further B.Sc, M.Sc, M.Phil, Ph.D and Post Docs after 12th from all the streams. Else you can chose engineering or medical. For engineering subject combination is (PCM) and for medical (PCB) and special entrance examinations (JEE-Joint Entrance Examination for Engineering & NEET-National Eligibility Entrance Test for medical) are conducted after 12th. Science has more options like they are eligible to face NDA entrance test, easy to change stream to humanities and commerce. It opens the many doors of opportunities to other technical and diploma courses. B.Sc. Nursing, B.Pharma and other technical courses can be continued after 12th.

Commerce: subjects are Business Economics, Accountancy, Business Study, Business law. Beside basic knowledge of accounting, auditing, income tax, marketing and general business economics will also be imparted. Compulsory language subjects will be there as usual.
Those who are fascinated in numbers, finance and economics better to choose this stream. It is very promising in market analysis, handsomely paying professional like chartered Accountant, Company Secretaries, Accountants, Investment Banking and Financial Advisors even in both the public and the private sectors. One has to enroll for professional courses in respective domain after completing 12th. These include B.Com, BBA (bachelor of business administration), BMS (bachelor of management studies), BBM (bachelor of business management), CFA (chartered financial analyst), CA (chartered accountant), CFP (certified financial planner) etc. Apart from these one can chose conventional course and continue teaching and research. It has an option to change stream to humanities but not to science.

Humanities: subjects like History, Geography, Language, Music, Art, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Human Resources, Economics(economics with mathematics is preferred) and new emerging subjects like Journalism, Mass Media, Religion Study, International Studies and more may be introduced in +2 level also.
Humanities are most preferred for the preparation of prestigious civil service exams under UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). It is very helpful in the preparation of any other competitive exams too. Similar to science and commerce one can continue conventional courses and start teaching and research. Apart from that most of intellectual, thinkers, philosophers, political analysts are cultivated with humanities background.

Other courses after class 10th

Vocational courses: job oriented courses like Interior Designing, Fire and Safety, Cyber Laws, Jewelry Designing, Fashion Design, Computer Programming, Web designing etc.

Polytechnic Courses: diploma in technical course can be obtained and get admission in the second year of technical degree courses through entrance exam as the subjects learnt in the polytechnic are same as those in Engineering. Usual duration for a polytechnic course is 3 years after 10th.

Scholarships: Government of India provides many fellowships for bright student in particular fields for further higher studies and research. Among them INSPIRE (Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research) and KVPY (Kishore Vaigyanik Prothsahan Yojna) are national fellowship given by DST(Department of Science and Technology) GOI.
The Objective of the program is to identify student with talent and aptitude for research; help them realize their academic potential; encourage them to take up research career in Science, and ensure the growth of the best scientific minds for research and development in the country. Selection is done through screening test.

Conclusion: it is difficult to accommodate all the details at a time. So, it is just an out-line form for guidance from where one can enter into the particular domain and get detail knowledge of your interest. Though taking decision after 10th is the crucial for future, it’s not the end and one can start from any stage of life depending upon the self-esteem and the enthusiasm of an individual to do always better. It is advisable for every citizen to be aware and guide the young starting from the childhood to avoid the staggering situation all of sudden coming in future. So, prepare & prevent than to repair & repent.


Kamal Bhujel
Research Scholar
Dept. of Physics, Mizoram University.
kamalaawaz@gmail.com  9563451940
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After passing Class 10, Before choosing the right course you should be clear in the following points- 1) availability of your subject 2) career opportunities, 3) conventional course or professional and 4) overall your interest which pulls the engine.

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